Infrastructure in Czechia
Czechia’s infrastructure is among the best in Central and Eastern Europe. The country’s location at the very center of Europe makes it a natural crossroads for major transit corridors.
An extensive network of transport routes serves not only Czechia but also links the country to neighboring and other European countries. The density of its transport network places Czechia among the world’s most advanced countries in terms of transport infrastructure. The significance of Czechia as a transit hub has grown since the country became a member of the EU Single Market, which currently covers an area of 28 nations in Europe with more than 500 million customers in total.
- Direct highway connections to Germany, Poland and Slovakia
- One of the densest railway networks in Europe
- Direct flights to most European cities; two direct routes to Asia (Taipei and Seoul) and one to North America (New York)
Electricity in Czechia is provided via 5,610 km of power lines. ČEPS is the sole Czech transmission system operator and holds an exclusive license granted by the Energy Regulatory Office. The ČEPS backbone transmission system carries 220kV high-voltage power and 400kV extra-high-voltage power and uses 50 Hz frequency. Transmission towers are designed to withstand extreme weather conditions, such as icing and violent storms.
Czechia is reducing its dependence on highly polluting low-grade brown coal as a source of energy. Nuclear power currently covers roughly 40% of the country’s total energy needs. Czechia’s open electricity market is no longer subject to any regulation of activities in which competition is not feasible. Only activities of a monopolistic nature continue to be regulated.
The sole operator of the Czech gas transmission system is NET4GAS, which operates more than 3,800 km of pipelines. The Czech gas market has been fully liberalized. Since 1 January 2007, all natural gas customers have been able to choose their supplier. In terms of gas reserves, Czechia is among the countries with the highest gas-supply security in the EU.
Czechia has a rapidly modernising communications infrastructure. The electronic-communications sector in Czechia has been fully liberalized. No exclusive rights exist in the area of electronic communications and the level of the competition environment is adequate in European Union terms. The Czech telecommunications market is one of the most highly developed and most liberalized in Central and Eastern Europe.
The number of users of high-speed internet access is rapidly and constantly growing, and prices of high-speed internet access are falling. Companies are gradually starting to prepare their networks for implementation of the Internet of Things into their services. According to the Akamai State of the Internet Connectivity Report for Q1 2017, Czechia ranks ahead of the United Kingdom, Germany, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary and many more countries in terms of average internet speed.
Source: CzechInvest, 2018